アニメ動画で英語で学ぶ ~ 為替(FX)トレーディングの基本





  1. Venture – ベンチャー、新事業、冒険的な試み
  2. Decentralized – 分散型の
  3. Speculate – 推測する、予想する
  4. Currency Pair – 通貨ペア
  5. Strengthen – 強化する
  6. Weaken – 弱める
  7. Volatility – ボラティリティ(変動の激しさ)
  8. Risk Management – リスク管理
  9. Maximum Risk – 最大リスク
  10. Stop-Loss Order – ストップロス注文
  11. Diversification – 分散投資、多様化
  12. Geopolitical Tensions – 地政学的な緊張
  13. Technical Analysis – テクニカル分析
  14. Moving Averages – 移動平均
  15. RSI (Relative Strength Index) – RSI(相対力指数)
  16. Fibonacci Retracements – フィボナッチリトレースメント
  17. Fundamental Analysis – ファンダメンタル分析
  18. Economic Indicators – 経済指標
  19. GDP (Gross Domestic Product) – GDP(国内総生産)
  20. Inflation Rates – インフレ率


Amy: Hey Ben, I heard you’re interested in learning about forex trading. That’s great! Forex trading can be an exciting and potentially profitable venture, but it’s essential to understand some fundamental concepts before you get started.

「forex」は、foreign exchange すなわち為替のことです。


Ben: Hi Amy, yes, I’m really curious about it. Can you explain what exactly forex trading is and how it works?

Amy: Of course! Forex, short for foreign exchange, is the decentralized global market where currencies are bought and sold. It’s the largest and most liquid financial market globally, with trillions of dollars traded daily. In forex trading, you essentially speculate on the price movements of currency pairs. For example, if you believe the Euro will strengthen against the US Dollar, you would buy the EUR/USD currency pair, hoping to sell it later at a higher price and make a profit.

「short for ~」は、「~を短縮して」の意味です。

Ben: I see. It sounds fascinating, but I’m also a bit concerned about the risks involved. How can one mitigate risks in forex trading?

Amy: That’s a valid concern, Ben. Risk management is crucial in forex trading. One essential strategy is to never risk more than you can afford to lose. Set a specific percentage of your trading capital as the maximum risk per trade. Additionally, consider using stop-loss orders to automatically exit a trade if it’s moving against you, limiting potential losses. Diversification is another risk mitigation technique. Rather than putting all your money into a single trade, spread your capital across various currency pairs or other asset classes to reduce overall risk exposure.


Ben: Those are valuable risk management tips, Amy. How do economic indicators and events impact currency prices in the forex market?

Amy: Economic indicators, such as Gross Domestic Product (GDP) reports, employment data, and inflation rates, provide insight into a country’s economic health. Positive indicators can strengthen a currency, while negative ones can weaken it. Similarly, economic events like central bank decisions on interest rates or geopolitical tensions can create volatility in currency prices. Traders pay close attention to such events and use them to inform their trading decisions.

「such as ~」は、「たとえば~のような」という意味ですね。「Economic indicators, such as ~ inflation rates」 までが主語で、provide が動詞です。

Ben: I see the importance of staying updated on economic news and events. Is technical analysis also essential in forex trading?

Amy: Absolutely! Technical analysis involves studying historical price charts and patterns to identify potential price movements. Traders use various technical indicators, such as moving averages, RSI, and Fibonacci retracements, to analyze market trends and make informed decisions. Combining technical analysis with fundamental analysis which considers economic factors can enhance your trading strategy.

Ben: It sounds like there’s a lot to learn and consider before diving into forex trading. Where do you recommend I start?

Amy: You’re right, Ben. Forex trading requires education and practice. I suggest starting with reliable educational resources. There are plenty of online courses, webinars, and books that cover forex trading basics and more advanced topics. Demo trading accounts are also valuable tools to practice trading without risking real money. Remember, it takes time and experience to become a successful forex trader, so be patient and keep learning along the way.

「Remember, ~ so be patient ~」のように、命令形が用いられていますが、日本語の命令のようなニュアンスはありません。同僚や友人などのカジュアルな会話で、アドバイスをするときなどに使われます。

Ben: Thank you so much for the detailed explanation, Amy. I’m excited to start my forex trading journey and will definitely follow your advice.

Amy: You’re welcome, Ben. I’m glad I could help. If you ever have more questions or need further guidance, don’t hesitate to reach out. Happy trading and best of luck on your forex journey!


  1. Liquidity – 流動性
  2. Exchange Rate – 為替レート
  3. Bull Market – ブルマーケット(相場が上昇傾向にある市場)
  4. Bear Market – ベアマーケット(相場が下落傾向にある市場)
  5. Long Position – ロングポジション(買いポジション)
  6. Short Position – ショートポジション(売りポジション)
  7. Central Bank – 中央銀行
  8. Interest Rate – 金利
  9. Monetary Policy – 金融政策
  10. Fiscal Policy – 財政政策
  11. Balance of Trade – 貿易収支
  12. Carry Trade – キャリートレード
  13. Pip – ピップ(価格変動の最小単位)
  14. Margin – マージン(証拠金)
  15. Leverage – レバレッジ
  16. Slippage – スリッページ(約定価格のずれ)
  17. Hedging – ヘッジ取引
  18. Risk-on – リスクオン(リスク選好的な市場)
  19. Risk-off – リスクオフ(リスク回避的な市場)
  20. Interbank Rate – 銀行間レート
  21. Stop Order – ストップ注文
  22. Limit Order – リミット注文(指値注文)
  23. Liquidity Provider – リクイディティプロバイダー